Australian Horse Racing Glossary & Terms | Extensive List Common Racing Terms

Find below an Australian glossary of used horse racing terms.     

Australian glossary of used horse racing terms.

Acceptor: A horse whose connections have paid the acceptance fee for a race

Added Weight: A horse carrying more weight than is required, eg, jockey exceeds the weight.

Age Of Horse: Birthday of horse always on 1st August each year.

All In: A bet taken usually at fixed odds early in betting.

Also Ran: A horse who finishes out of the money.

Apprentice Claim: Weight concession to an apprentice rider.

Apprentice Rider: Normally under contract to a stable, learning to ride.

Backed Off The Map: A runner heavily backed in betting.

Bagman: Bookmakers personel responsible for settling up on bets at racecourses.

Bailed Up: A runner racing inside other runners and unable to get clear running.

Bandage: Strips of cloth wound around the lower part of a horse's legs for support or protection against injury.

Barriers: The starting gates.

Barrier Blanket: Assists horses who protest being loaded in the barrier starting gates.

Birdcage: A portion of the racecourse where the runners are paraded before the start of a race.

Bleeder: When a horse bleeds from the lungs during or after running.

Blinkers: Hood that fits over the bridle with cups placed around the horse's eyes to restrict vision of other horses to the side and rear.

Bleeder: Horse who bleeds during or after a workout or race due to ruptured blood vessel.

Blinkers: Device to limit a horse's vision to prevent him from swerving from objects or other horses on either side of him.

Blows: When a previously favoured horse is unwanted in betting before the race and the bookmakers increase the odds.

Bolted: During the race the horse has ran many lengths in front of the field or has won the race by many lengths. "He has bolted in."

Bookmakers: A person licensed to conduct betting on or off course.

Box/Boxed: Two or more runners to finish in any order in a multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta.

Box Trifecta: Usually four or five horses are "boxed" in a trifecta. If three of the horses selected all finish in the first three placings, the punter collects for a winning trifecta.

Broken Down: When a horse suffered an injury; lameness.

Checked: A horse which receives some type of interference.

Claim: A reduction in the amount of weight carried by a horse being ridden by an apprentice.

Class: The grade of the race.

Coat-Tugger: Someone who offers a punter a tip then demands a percentage of their winnings.

Colt: A male horse 3 years and under and has not been gelded.

Connections: A horse's owners and their representatives or anyone personally connected to the horse such as the jockey and training staff.

Correct Weight: Placings in a race are official.

Daily Double: Select the winner in two races.

Dam: Female parent of a foal.

Dead Heat: Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the finish line.

Dead Track: Racing surface lacking resiliency, just on the softer side of Good.

Derby: A stakes race for 3YO's.

Distanced: Well beaten, finishing a great distance behind the winner.

Dividend: Places are paid for First (Win & Place), Second & Third (Place only). A fourth place getter is included for betting on the First Four only, no place dividend is paid on the fourth place getter.

Dwelt: Tardy in breaking from the gate.

Each way: Have equal amount of money on the horse for a win and for a place.

Each Way Odds: usually is four to one, you receive all your money back if it comes second or third as long as eight or more runners in race.

Eased: The horse is backed off usually to find position in the race.

Eligible: Qualified to start in a race, according to conditions.

Emergency: Additional nominated runners are accepted but will only gain a run if others in the field are scratched. Entire: An ungelded horse.

Exacta: Select the first two horses in a race in the finishing order.

Exotics: A multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta, First Four & Quaddie.

Extended: Running at top speed.

False Favourite: A horse that is favourite for the race but you consider another selection should be favourite

Farrier: A specialist in equine hoof care (a blacksmith).

Fast: The firmest track rating.

Favourite: The most popular horse in betting and therefore the one who starts at the shortest odds.

Feature Race: The highest rated race on the card, determined by the category of the race and the prize money.

Field: The horses in the race.

Filly: In most cases a filly is a female horse 3 YO's or under.

First Four: Select first four horses in the correct order in a pre selected race.

First Up: A runner resuming from a spell, being a break from racing for 3 months or more.

Flat Race: Contested on level ground, not a hurdle race or steeplechase.

Flexi-Betting: To invest a smaller amount than the full dollar value of the wager and receive a reduced percentage of the final dividend.

Fluctuation: The movements of the odds of a runner moving up or down in the betting ring.

Front Runner: A horse who usually leads the field for as far as he can.

Furlong: Approx 200 metres.

Gallop: A fast canter. Gelding: Castrated male horse of any age.

Good Track: Condition between fast and slow.

Grew Another Leg: The runner suddenly improved during the race.

Group Races: The best horse races in the country which are decided by the Australian Racing Board. There are four types of Black Type races: Group 1 (the highest), Group 2, Group 3 and Listed (Group 4)

Handicap Race: for which a handicapper assigns weights to be carried.

Hands & Heels: Riding the horse without using the whip. Hang: The horse holds its head to one side during a race.

Head: Margin between runners.

Heavy Track: Next level up from slow. A rain affected track.

Hoop: Another name for a Jockey.

Hurdle Race: Contested over obstacles. A jumping race over lower fences than steeplechase races.

Impost: The weight to be carried by the horse for a race.

In Foal: Pregnant mare.

In The Money - The horse finished a race winning some prize money.

In The Red: Odds in the bookmakers ring are very short, less than evens.

Knocked Up: The runner stops racing in the straight usually due to a hard run in racing.

Knuckled: The horse almost fell on its knees or stumbled.

Lame: Pain in limbs causing deviation in normal running.

Late Mail: Last minute tips that take jockeys, scratchings and track conditions/bias into account.

Late Scratching: A runner that is withdrawn from the race after 8am on race day.

Lay: When a bookmaker offers better odds because they believe the horse cannot win.

Length: A horses length from nose to tail.

Long Shot: A runner being at long odds and is unlikely to win.

Maiden: A horse who has not won a race.

Maiden Race: A race for non winners.

Mare: Adult female horse 4YO's or older.

Middle Distance: Approx 1600 metre races.

Monkey: Five Hundred Dollars. Usually a casino chip.

Moral: An absolute certainty to win the race.

Mounting Yard: The area where the horses are paraded before a race and jockeys take their mounts.

Mudlark: A horse that excels on wet tracks.

Mug Punter: A person who is poor at punting/betting.

Near side: Left side of a horse.

Neck: Margin between horses, about the length of a horses neck.

Nose: The smallest measuring margin between runners.

Nose-roll: A sheepskin roll attached to the bridle on the horses nose to keep the head in line with the body.

Odds-Against: The prices in the betting ring are longer than even money (e.g. $4.00 for $1.00 invested.)

Odds On: Odds of less than even money.

Off Side: Right side of horse.

On The Nod: A person betting with a bookmaker on credit.

On The Nose: To back a horse for the win only.

Pacifiers: Hood with gauze eye covers to restrict the vision of an excitable horse.

Paddock: Before the race the clerk of the course leads the horses from the saddling paddock to the mounting yard.

Photo Finish: A result so close it is necessary to use a finish-line camera to determine the winner.

Pig-Root: The horse bucks and tries to throw the jockey.

Place: This is when a horse runs either 1st, 2nd or 3rd and you receive a dividend. There must be eight runners or more.

Plunge: In the bookmakers ring, a sudden rush of money for a particular horse.

Protest: An objection lodged by the jockey, connections or the stewards regarding the outcome of a race.

Pulled Up: To stop or slow a horse during the race.

Punter: Person placing a wager.

Quadrella: Select the winner of 4 pre nominated races on the card.

Quarantine: A process used to isolate foreign horses for a short period of time to ensure they are not carrying any diseases.

Quinella: Select the first two horses in a race in any order.

Rails: The prime position in the bookmakers ring.

Ridden Out: A runner that finishes the race under average urging by the rider.

Ridden Upside Down: A horse did not race in the way that suits it best, e.g. a front-runner that was ridden at the back.

Ring-In: A horse that has been illegally substituted for another acceptor in a race. Eg. Fine Cotton Ring-In.

Roughie: A horse at a long price in the ring with little chance of winning.

Running Double: Select the winner in two consecutive races.

Saddle Cloth: Cloth under the saddle displaying the horses number.

Scratched: To be taken out of the race.

Second Up: Next run after a first up run, following spell of 90 days or more.

Silks: Jacket and Cap worn by jockeys to identify themselves.

Sire: The male parent. Slow: Rain affected track. Better than heavy.

SP Bookmaker: An illegal bookie, a person that takes bets without a licence.

Spell: A horse that has had a break from racing for 90 days or more

Stallion: A male horse for breeding.

Stayer: A horse that races in long distance races, eg. 2000 metres and more.

Stewards: Racing officials responsible for enforcing the rules of racing.

Straight Six: Select the winner of six consecutive pre nominated races.

Strapper: The Groom, a person employed by the trainer to attend to a horse. Duties may include feeding, grooming, riding at training and leading in the mounting yard.

Stone Motherless: The horse was last in the race.

Suspension: The period of time a jockey or trainer is suspended due to an infraction of the rules of racing.

Swooper: A horse that likes to finish on from the tail of the field at the end of the race.

Top Fluc: A bet accepting the odds which are the highest fluctuation in the betting ring.

Track Conditions: The rating given to a racetrack on race day.

Treble: A bet involving three consecutive races nominated by the TAB.

Trifecta: A wager selecting the first 3 runners of a race.

Under Double Wraps: The horse won easily without extending to its full ability.

Unders: A runner whose odds are too short in relation to its chances of winning.

Untried: Not raced or not raced at a certain distance.

Wager: A bet.

Warned Off: A licensed person is forbidden from entering a racecourse or associating with other licensed people.

Weight For Age: Fixed scale of weights to be carried by horses.

Well-Held: The horse won easily without being fully extended. Win: Your selection crosses the line first and correct weight it given.

Winkers: Sheepskin which attaches to the cheek straps of the bridle to keep the horses attention forward.

Write Your Own Ticket: The horse is so unlikely to win a bookie would give you any odds you asked for.

Yearling: A young horse, a 2Y0.