Australian glossary of used horse racing terms.
Acceptor: A horse whose connections have paid the acceptance fee for a race
Added Weight: A horse carrying more weight than is required, eg, jockey exceeds the weight.
Age Of Horse: Birthday of horse always on 1st August each year.
All In: A bet taken usually at fixed odds early in betting.
Also Ran: A horse who finishes out of the money.
Apprentice Claim: Weight concession to an apprentice rider.
Apprentice Rider: Normally under contract to a stable, learning to ride.
Backed Off The Map: A runner heavily backed in betting.
Bagman: Bookmakers personel responsible for settling up on bets at racecourses.
Bailed Up: A runner racing inside other runners and unable to get clear running.
Bandage: Strips of cloth wound around the lower part of a horse's legs for support or protection against injury.
Barriers: The starting gates.
Barrier Blanket: Assists horses who protest being loaded in the barrier starting gates.
Birdcage: A portion of the racecourse where the runners are paraded before the start of a race.
Bleeder: When a horse bleeds from the lungs during or after running.
Blinkers: Hood that fits over the bridle with cups placed around the horse's eyes to restrict vision of other horses to the side and rear.
Bleeder: Horse who bleeds during or after a workout or race due to ruptured blood vessel.
Blinkers: Device to limit a horse's vision to prevent him from swerving from objects or other horses on either side of him.
Blows: When a previously favoured horse is unwanted in betting before the race and the bookmakers increase the odds.
Bolted: During the race the horse has ran many lengths in front of the field or has won the race by many lengths. "He has bolted in."
Bookmakers: A person licensed to conduct betting on or off course.
Box/Boxed: Two or more runners to finish in any order in a multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta.
Box Trifecta: Usually four or five horses are "boxed" in a trifecta. If three of the horses selected all finish in the first three placings, the punter collects for a winning trifecta.
Broken Down: When a horse suffered an injury; lameness.
Checked: A horse which receives some type of interference.
Claim: A reduction in the amount of weight carried by a horse being ridden by an apprentice.
Class: The grade of the race.
Coat-Tugger: Someone who offers a punter a tip then demands a percentage of their winnings.
Colt: A male horse 3 years and under and has not been gelded.
Connections: A horse's owners and their representatives or anyone personally connected to the horse such as the jockey and training staff.
Correct Weight: Placings in a race are official.
Daily Double: Select the winner in two races.
Dam: Female parent of a foal.
Dead Heat: Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the finish line.
Dead Track: Racing surface lacking resiliency, just on the softer side of Good.
Derby: A stakes race for 3YO's.
Distanced: Well beaten, finishing a great distance behind the winner.
Dividend: Places are paid for First (Win & Place), Second & Third (Place only). A fourth place getter is included for betting on the First Four only, no place dividend is paid on the fourth place getter.
Dwelt: Tardy in breaking from the gate.
Each way: Have equal amount of money on the horse for a win and for a place.
Each Way Odds: usually is four to one, you receive all your money back if it comes second or third as long as eight or more runners in race.
Eased: The horse is backed off usually to find position in the race.
Eligible: Qualified to start in a race, according to conditions.
Emergency: Additional nominated runners are accepted but will only gain a run if others in the field are scratched. Entire: An ungelded horse.
Exacta: Select the first two horses in a race in the finishing order.
Exotics: A multiple bet such as Quinella, Exacta, Trifecta, First Four & Quaddie.
Extended: Running at top speed.
False Favourite: A horse that is favourite for the race but you consider another selection should be favourite
Farrier: A specialist in equine hoof care (a blacksmith).
Fast: The firmest track rating.
Favourite: The most popular horse in betting and therefore the one who starts at the shortest odds.
Feature Race: The highest rated race on the card, determined by the category of the race and the prize money.
Field: The horses in the race.
Filly: In most cases a filly is a female horse 3 YO's or under.
First Four: Select first four horses in the correct order in a pre selected race.
First Up: A runner resuming from a spell, being a break from racing for 3 months or more.
Flat Race: Contested on level ground, not a hurdle race or steeplechase.
Flexi-Betting: To invest a smaller amount than the full dollar value of the wager and receive a reduced percentage of the final dividend.
Fluctuation: The movements of the odds of a runner moving up or down in the betting ring.
Front Runner: A horse who usually leads the field for as far as he can.
Furlong: Approx 200 metres.
Gallop: A fast canter. Gelding: Castrated male horse of any age.
Good Track: Condition between fast and slow.
Grew Another Leg: The runner suddenly improved during the race.
Group Races: The best horse races in the country which are decided by the Australian Racing Board. There are four types of Black Type races: Group 1 (the highest), Group 2, Group 3 and Listed (Group 4)
Handicap Race: for which a handicapper assigns weights to be carried.
Hands & Heels: Riding the horse without using the whip. Hang: The horse holds its head to one side during a race.
Head: Margin between runners.
Heavy Track: Next level up from slow. A rain affected track.
Hoop: Another name for a Jockey.
Hurdle Race: Contested over obstacles. A jumping race over lower fences than steeplechase races.
Impost: The weight to be carried by the horse for a race.
In Foal: Pregnant mare.
In The Money - The horse finished a race winning some prize money.
In The Red: Odds in the bookmakers ring are very short, less than evens.
Knocked Up: The runner stops racing in the straight usually due to a hard run in racing.
Knuckled: The horse almost fell on its knees or stumbled.
Lame: Pain in limbs causing deviation in normal running.
Late Mail: Last minute tips that take jockeys, scratchings and track conditions/bias into account.
Late Scratching: A runner that is withdrawn from the race after 8am on race day.
Lay: When a bookmaker offers better odds because they believe the horse cannot win.
Length: A horses length from nose to tail.
Long Shot: A runner being at long odds and is unlikely to win.
Maiden: A horse who has not won a race.
Maiden Race: A race for non winners.
Mare: Adult female horse 4YO's or older.
Middle Distance: Approx 1600 metre races.
Monkey: Five Hundred Dollars. Usually a casino chip.
Moral: An absolute certainty to win the race.
Mounting Yard: The area where the horses are paraded before a race and jockeys take their mounts.
Mudlark: A horse that excels on wet tracks.
Mug Punter: A person who is poor at punting/betting.
Near side: Left side of a horse.
Neck: Margin between horses, about the length of a horses neck.
Nose: The smallest measuring margin between runners.
Nose-roll: A sheepskin roll attached to the bridle on the horses nose to keep the head in line with the body.
Odds-Against: The prices in the betting ring are longer than even money (e.g. $4.00 for $1.00 invested.)
Odds On: Odds of less than even money.
Off Side: Right side of horse.
On The Nod: A person betting with a bookmaker on credit.
On The Nose: To back a horse for the win only.
Pacifiers: Hood with gauze eye covers to restrict the vision of an excitable horse.
Paddock: Before the race the clerk of the course leads the horses from the saddling paddock to the mounting yard.
Photo Finish: A result so close it is necessary to use a finish-line camera to determine the winner.
Pig-Root: The horse bucks and tries to throw the jockey.
Place: This is when a horse runs either 1st, 2nd or 3rd and you receive a dividend. There must be eight runners or more.
Plunge: In the bookmakers ring, a sudden rush of money for a particular horse.
Protest: An objection lodged by the jockey, connections or the stewards regarding the outcome of a race.
Pulled Up: To stop or slow a horse during the race.
Punter: Person placing a wager.
Quadrella: Select the winner of 4 pre nominated races on the card.
Quarantine: A process used to isolate foreign horses for a short period of time to ensure they are not carrying any diseases.
Quinella: Select the first two horses in a race in any order.
Rails: The prime position in the bookmakers ring.
Ridden Out: A runner that finishes the race under average urging by the rider.
Ridden Upside Down: A horse did not race in the way that suits it best, e.g. a front-runner that was ridden at the back.
Ring-In: A horse that has been illegally substituted for another acceptor in a race. Eg. Fine Cotton Ring-In.
Roughie: A horse at a long price in the ring with little chance of winning.
Running Double: Select the winner in two consecutive races.
Saddle Cloth: Cloth under the saddle displaying the horses number.
Scratched: To be taken out of the race.
Second Up: Next run after a first up run, following spell of 90 days or more.
Silks: Jacket and Cap worn by jockeys to identify themselves.
Sire: The male parent. Slow: Rain affected track. Better than heavy.
SP Bookmaker: An illegal bookie, a person that takes bets without a licence.
Spell: A horse that has had a break from racing for 90 days or more
Stallion: A male horse for breeding.
Stayer: A horse that races in long distance races, eg. 2000 metres and more.
Stewards: Racing officials responsible for enforcing the rules of racing.
Straight Six: Select the winner of six consecutive pre nominated races.
Strapper: The Groom, a person employed by the trainer to attend to a horse. Duties may include feeding, grooming, riding at training and leading in the mounting yard.
Stone Motherless: The horse was last in the race.
Suspension: The period of time a jockey or trainer is suspended due to an infraction of the rules of racing.
Swooper: A horse that likes to finish on from the tail of the field at the end of the race.
Top Fluc: A bet accepting the odds which are the highest fluctuation in the betting ring.
Track Conditions: The rating given to a racetrack on race day.
Treble: A bet involving three consecutive races nominated by the TAB.
Trifecta: A wager selecting the first 3 runners of a race.
Under Double Wraps: The horse won easily without extending to its full ability.
Unders: A runner whose odds are too short in relation to its chances of winning.
Untried: Not raced or not raced at a certain distance.
Wager: A bet.
Warned Off: A licensed person is forbidden from entering a racecourse or associating with other licensed people.
Weight For Age: Fixed scale of weights to be carried by horses.
Well-Held: The horse won easily without being fully extended. Win: Your selection crosses the line first and correct weight it given.
Winkers: Sheepskin which attaches to the cheek straps of the bridle to keep the horses attention forward.
Write Your Own Ticket: The horse is so unlikely to win a bookie would give you any odds you asked for.
Yearling: A young horse, a 2Y0.